Holiday Illness Claims
On holiday illness claims benefits

African Sleeping Sickness - African Trypanosomiasis

The World Health Organisation estimates there are 450,000 annual cases of African Trypanosomiasis also called 'African Sleeping Sickness'.

Transmission of African Trypanosomiasis

Transmission is via the Tsetse Fly – which resembles a large house fly. They can grow from between 7mm – 15mm in length.

Common to many African countries there are two distinct forms to this disease:

  • Rhodesian: (Acute form) Common to Eastern Africa and low lying game areas
  • Gambian: (Chronic form) Common to areas that are humid and watersides including rivers and lake shores

The fly bites during daylight but enjoys shade and unusually is attracted to bright colours and particularly the colour blue.

Whilst in regions of Africa where the fly is endemic particular care should be taken during game reserve drives and when near to lush watersides.

Symptoms of African Trypanosomiasis

Trypanosomiasis in Africa
  • Skin inflammation and painful skin
  • Headaches
  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Anaemia
  • Itching and skin rashes
  • Aching muscles and joints
  • Loss of appetite
  • Confusion
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Disrupted sleeping patterns
  • Problems with coordination
  • Depression

Complications of African Trypanosomiasis

Devastating brain and neurological damage can occur if the disease is not treated and in some instances death can occur.

African Trypanosomiasis on Holiday

Have you contracted African Trypanosomiasis during a foreign holiday? If so, you may be able to claim compensation if your tour operator's negligence caused you to be bitten by the Tsetse fly – Contact Simpson Millar's Tropical Illness specialists for free advice.